Some doubt the usefulness of art and despises those who think that being an artist is a hobby and never any profession. For all of them, here’s a list of five examples of how innovation in art has also changed the world.
1. The Prehistoric Art
The works of prehistoric art (Paintings, petroglyphs and portable art) are not only useful in the present to study through their records the cultures of prehistory and heart-warming psycho-motor development of their creators or the birth of aesthetics.
The origin of art as representation that evokes a concept with meaning as sign or symbol precedes writing in the process of humanization of man and is a fundamental part of the development of language as a communication method.
2. Aphrodite of Knidos by Praxiteles
The Aphrodite of Knidos was sculpted by Praxiteles in the fourth century BC. Although it may seem at first glance a classic sculpture more, actually this is the first statue of a naked woman in full size. With her Praxiteles defined forms of a classical ideal of feminine: graceful, slender, sensual and hedonistic beauty that was to precede the modern female nude.
In the same way that the culture of ancient Greece laid the foundations of western culture for future generations, Greek artists developed an ideal of beauty and aesthetic inspired by nature. This sculpture is a classical model that recovered the artists of the Renaissance and Neoclassical period and continues to influence the concept of beauty today.
Although the original work disappeared in a fire during the Nika revolt in Constantinople, such was the popularity and admiration of this antiquity that many copies and variations thereof created by Roman artists and encouraged the spread of this canon to preserve the classic female beauty.
3. The anatomical drawings of Leonardo da Vinci
This anatomy of human body parts was created by artist Leonardo da Vinci. Technical, systematic and rigorous method for anatomy illustration on plans and sections were used. This methodology was used in “De humani corporis fabrica” of Andreas Vesalius, the first Renaissance human anatomy.
During Renaissance, there were major discoveries and advances in a multitude of disciplines that changed the world dramatically. Art was no exception and lived a golden age. Moreover, naturalistic and experimental approach of the Renaissance artists to knowledge of the human body, its participation in dissections and illustrated studies put the art in the middle of the revolution counter.
4. Composition of Louis Daguerre
Around 1826 the French chemist Joseph-Nicéphore Niépce created the first permanent photographic image, but the exposure and development process was too long (about eight hours) and the quality was poor for practical use.
Romantic painter Louis Daguerre and Niepce were experimenting separately on how to permanently capture images reproduced by the technology of the camera without resorting to the drawing until 1829, year in which they signed a cooperation agreement.
Niépce died in 1833 and two years later Daguerre invented the Daguerreotype Camera in which emulsion was possible to achieve a single photographic image quality and brilliant finish in half an hour. This composition is the oldest Daguerreotype known and has as its theme of one still life.
The presentation of the invention is carried out in academic, scientific and artistic field, planting the seed for revolution in photography.
5. Fountain of Marcel Duchamp
For the above examples I chose cases that art has changed the world influencing the development of other disciplines. As a last example, however, I will propose one of the many radical artistic gestures that changed the definition of art and expanded its boundaries.
I say one of many because that is how it has evolved the concept of art, but the “Fountain of Marcel Duchamp” is considered by most experts as the most important twentieth century works by the influence of the concept of the readymade in the modern and contemporary art.
Duchamp was an artist and intellectual who ironically rebelled against the artistic canons established. He exalted an art based on ideas, an art which were not based on objects, and an art in which traditional experimental creation was replaced by the desire to create something unique and extraordinary.