The Fauvism was an art movement of the early twentieth century. It began in 1901, although it has won this designation only in 1905. The word comes from the French word meaning Fauves beasts. This move followed expressionist characteristics. The artist Henri Matisse is known as the father of this artistic movement.
The field of artistic creation was strongly affected by the Industrial Revolution. The changes were so fast that it was impossible to adopt the previous artistic canons. The bonds created by sacred standards now seek a new purpose: to paint the feelings that arouse the mood in the free course of inner impulses. Often learning is questioned. It is the time of the glorification of instinct. The art world revolves around a new world. It is boiling. Multiply new themes about art, there are new traders’ boards, critics and private exhibitions. The artist has in front of him, more and more information about the changes and events of his time.
Fauvism Art Movement
The Fauvist painters were influenced by Van Gogh through his emotionalism and burning passion exacerbated by the colors, and Paul Gauguin, with its primitiveness and elemental view of nature. The new aesthetic is obeying the instinctual drives or the vital and primary sensations. It helps create disobeying an intellectual order, where the lines and colors are well in the same state of purity of children and savages, disobeying the traditional rules of painting. The art also avoid the illusion of three-dimensionality.
The color has become used to delimit plans, creating the prospect and modelling volume. It also became totally independent of reality, since it was not important to the agreement of colors with the object represented, and being responsible for the expressiveness of the work.
The principles of fauvism art movement were:
- Create and follow the instinct impulses, the primary sensations;
- Pure color should be exalted;
- The lines and the colors must be born impulsively and translate elementary sensations in the same state of grace of children and wildlife.
Main Fauves artists:
- Paul Cézanne
- Georges Braque
- Maurice de Vlaminck
- Henri Matisse
- Andre Derain
- Paul Gauguin
- Jean Puy