History of the Modern Art Movements, Modern Art and Literature

Modern Art Movements 1In contrast to the classical forms, modern art emerged in the late nineteenth century in various artistic expressions such as painting, sculpture, literature, architecture, photography and music. Although there is no consensus on the dating of this period, many art experts consider that the movement goes to the 1970s.

The Impressionists, early modern painters, generally chose outdoor scenes as subjects for his works: landscapes, humble people, etc.

Core movements and artistic currents of modern art:

  • Impressionism
  • Post-Impressionism
  • Fauvism,
  • Cubism
  • Expressionism
  • Surrealism
  • Concretism
  • Futurism
  • Pop Art

Key Features of Modern Art:

Aiming to break the old patterns, modern artists constantly seek new forms of expression and, for this, use features like vivid colors, distorted figures, cubes and scenes without logic. The starting point of the Brazilian modernist movement was the realization of Modern Art Week 1922, where several artists and writers presented to the public a new form of expression. This event took place at the Theatro Municipal de São Paulo.

Modern Art Movements 2It was not easy for these artists to be accepted by the criticism that was already accustomed to well-defined aesthetic standards, but gradually their exposures were increasing and the public has come to accept and understand the modernist works.

The Modern Art is exposed in many places in Sao Paulo she can be seen in the Museum of Modern Art, the Biennial and in other forms of exhibitions that seek to encourage this form of expression.

Modernist artists

  • Kandinsky (Russian artist)
  • Pablo Picasso (painter, sculptor and Spanish designer)
  • Guillaume Apollinaire (French writer)
  • Marinetti (Italian poet and writer)
  • Joseph Conrad (British writer)
  • James Joyce (Irish writer)
  • Igor Stravinsky (composer and pianist Russian)
  • Henri Matisse (French artist)
  • Piet Mondrian (Dutch painter)
  • Le Corbusier (Franco-Swiss architect)
  • Jacek Malczewski (Polish painter)
  • TS Eliot (English poet)
  • William Faulkner (American writer)
  • Hans Hofmann (German painter)
  • Ernest Hemingway (American writer
  • Thomas Mann (German writer)
  • Fernando Pessoa (Portuguese writer and Poesta)
  • André Masson (French artist)
  • André Breton (French writer and poet)
  • Arnold Schönberg (Austrian composer)

Modern Art Museums


Museum of Modern Art of New York (MOMA)

City: New York

Location: Manhattan

Site:  http://www.moma.org

United Kingdom:

Tate Modern

City: London

Location: Southwark Street / Blackfriars Road

Site: http://www.tate.org.uk/modern


Museum of Modern Art

City: Sintra

Location: Avenida Heliodoro Salgado

Site:  http://www.berardocollection.com


São Paulo Museum of Modern Art (MAM)

City: Sao Paulo

Location: Ibirapuera Park

Site:  http://www.mam.org.br


Modern Art Museum of Royal Brussels

City: Brussels

Location: Place Royale 1-2, 1000

Site:  http://www.fine-arts-museum.be/


Art Centre National Museum Reina Sofia

City: Madrid

Location: Rua Santa Isabel, 52

Site:  http://www.museoreinasofia.es/index.html




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