Abstract art is understood as an art which that does not represent any concrete object. The work is just an idea or concept purely of the artist and has no representation of the outside world. It is the externalization of art, artist and artistic design. It is also well known as abstraction, and emerged in the early twentieth century. This style plays with the colors and shapes to give meaning to the idea suggested by the artist, leaving the interpretation of the work on an individual choice.
Abstract art offers freedom to the viewer to interpret the work as well as it offers the artist the opportunity to express themselves in an original way which is often mysterious. The relationship between color, shape, surfaces, lines and strokes is strong in this style; with the work “non-representational” arises from the influence of the European vanguards that refused the classical aesthetic of art schools. Abstract art sums up the elements of the natural reality in a figurative way, fleeing the accuracy in the traces.
Abstract art emerged in the early twentieth century, in Europe, in the context of Modern Art movement. The forerunner of abstract art was the Russian artist Wassily Kandinsky. With its broad strokes of bright colors, conveying a feeling violent, Kandinsky scored his abstractionist style. Abstract art with the traditionalism of the art academies, with the landscaping of habit, realism and picture; he shocked much of the elitist society.
The abstraction is divided into two trends: Lyrical abstractionism (expressive) and Geometric abstractionism. The first, lyrical or expressive abstractionism was inspired by the instinct; the unconscious and intuition to build an imaginary art connected to an “inner need”. It was influenced by expressionism. However, the geometric abstractionism focuses on rationalization which depends on the intellectual and scientific analysis. It was influenced by cubism and futurism.
The Russian artist Wassily Kandinsky is the precursor of this style. He intensifies the use of abstract forms as a means to achieve transcendence through unrecognizable forms of reality, and with the pure elements of visual art: lines, colors and geometric shapes. There is also a relationship between abstraction and other artistic expressions like music, and the abstract, the tendency to refer to the idea of composition and rhythm. Another artist who has gained great prominence in the abstract art scene of the early twentieth century was the Dutchman Piet Mondrian.
When abstract art emerged in the early twentieth century, it caused much controversy and outrage. The European elite were shocked by those formats and considered them “strange” and distasteful. Abstract art broke with traditionalism, who always sought the realistic representation of life and things, trying to imitate perfectly the nature.
In abstract art, the artist works a lot with concepts, intuitions and feelings, leading the people, who view the work, a number of interpretations. Therefore, in abstract, the same work of art can be seen, felt and interpreted in various ways.